29 de diciembre de 2011

Jornadas Bioinformáticas JBI 2012 (XI Edición)

Aprovecho esta última entrada del año para dar difusión a las Jornadas de Bioinformática JBI 2012. Como muchos sabréis, este congreso es el principal punto de encuentro anual de nuestra comunidad en la península ibérica, así que nuestro laboratorio también estará en Barcelona del 23 al 25 de Enero. El programa completo de las jornadas se puede descargar en este enlace.

Este año presentaremos parte de nuestro trabajo reciente:

"Genome-wide clustering of transcription factors by comparison of predicted protein-DNA interfaces"

donde explicamos y evaluamos la anotación de interfaces de reconocimiento de DNA en secuencias de proteínas por medio de diferentes aproximaciones como BLAST, TFmodeller, DP-Bind y DISIS.

El tema principal de las jornadas será "Arquitectura genómica, anotación y diseño", sobre el cual se discutirán los diferentes avances en la integración de los campos de la Biología, Medicina e Informática en el campo de la Genómica. Además se tratarán los siguientes temas:
- Análisis de datos de secuenciación de alto rendimiento (NGS)
- Bioinformática estructural
- Algoritmos de biología computacional y computación de alto rendimiento
- Análisis de sequencias, filogenética y evolución
- Bases de datos, herramientas y tecnologías en biología computacional
- Bioinformática en transcriptómica y proteómica
- Biología de sistemas


The XIth Spanish Symposium on Bioinformatics (JBI2012) will take place in January 23-25, 2012 in Barcelona, Spain. Co-organised by the Spanish Institut of Bioinformatics and the Portuguese Bioinformatics Network and hosted by the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB). The full program can be downloaded from this link.

This year, the reference topic is “Genome Architecture, Annotation and Design” for which the conference will provide the opportunity to discuss the state of the art for the integration of the fields of biology, medicine and informatics. We invite you to submit your work and share your experiences in the following topics of interest including, but not limited to:

- Analysis of high throughput data  (NGS)
- Structural Bioinformatics
- Algorithms for computational biology and HPC
- Sequence analysis, phylogenetics and evolution
- Databases, Tools and technologies for computational biology
-  Bioinformatics in Transcriptomics and Proteomics
- System and Synthetic Biology

Our contribution to the congress:

Genome-wide clustering of transcription factors by comparison of predicted protein-DNA interfaces

Transcription Factors (TFs) play a central role in gene regulation by binding to DNA target sequences, mostly in promoter regions. However, even for the best annotated genomes, only a fraction of these critical proteins have been experimentally characterized and linked to some of their target sites. The dimension of this problem increases in multicellular organisms, which tend to have large collections of TFs, sometimes with redundant roles, that result of whole-genome duplication events and lineage-specific expansions. In this work we set to study the repertoire of Arabidopsis thaliana TFs from the perspective of their predicted interfaces, to evaluate the degree of DNA-binding redundancy at a genome scale. First, we critically compare the performance of a variety of methods that predict the interface residues of DNA-binding proteins, those responsible for specific recognition, and measure their sensitivity and specificity. Second, we apply the best predictors to the complete A.thaliana repertoire and build clusters of transcription factors with similar interfaces. Finally, we use our in-house footprintDB to benchmark to what extent TFs in the same cluster specifically bind to similar DNA sites. Our results indicate that there is substantial overlap of DNA binding specificities in most TF families. This observation supports the use of interface predictions to construct reduced representation of TF sets with common DNA binding preferences.

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